State Capitol Restoration and Preservation Essay
State Capitol Restoration and Preservation, 493 words essay example
Essay Topic: state
The three-year Capitol restoration offers a small window in time to remove offensive, prominently displayed artwork that both slurs Native Americans and inaccurately represents our rich history in the state, long before it became a state.
A total of 148 pieces of artwork are on permanent display in the Capitol. Discussions over the last few months between the art subcommittee of the Minnesota State Capitol Preservation Commission and the majority of the state's 11 Native Tribes centered on whether a handful of particularly egregious pieces should be removed from the Capitol, perhaps to the Minnesota Historical Society moved to less trafficked areas of the Capitol updated with displays that put the art in context or simply left in place, with no changes.
Recently the subcommittee released a preliminary recommendation to the Commission sweeping aside the bulk of the Tribes' concerns, calling for all the controversial artwork to remain in the Capitol, albeit with added text commentary. They suggested moving the most offensive artwork, "Father Hennepin at the Falls of St. Anthony," by Stephan A. Douglas Volk, and "The Signing of the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux," by Francis Davis Millet, from the Governor's Reception Room one of the most visible areas of the Capitol to another undetermined location in the Capitol, with appropriate interpretation.
Simply moving these paintings to another wall in the Capitol will not do. The Tribes urge the subcommittee to recommend removal of all offensive paintings in question. In addition, any added context or explanation of the portrayed events should be provided by the Dakota Tribes.
Why? "Father Hennepin" not only profoundly distorts Hennepin's involvement with the Mdewakanton Band of Eastern Dakota, it gratuitously depicts a bare-chested Native woman in the foreground an extremely unlikely scenario. The painting, commissioned more than two centuries after the encounter, also portrays Hennepin as "discovering" the Falls, perpetuating a myth for even more generations of school children to absorb on field trips to the Capitol.
The truth, of course, is that Native Americans spent thousands of years in what is now Minnesota before Hennepin or any other outsider appeared on the scene. During the late 1600s, when Father Hennepin was in the area, the Mdewakanton occupied the west bank of the Mississippi River from northern Iowa to St. Anthony Falls and already had villages on both the Mississippi and the Minnesota rivers.
In "The Signing of the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux" the artist portrays a picturesque signing of a treaty that transferred the majority of Dakota land land that today makes up the lower half of Minnesota over to the U.S. Government in exchange for annuities and food that were falsely promised and never delivered. Treaty of Traverse des Sioux is considered by Minnesota Natives as one of the most deceitful and destructive arrangements that ultimately forced the Dakota people into starvation and war, and resulted in the largest mass execution in America of 38 Dakota men at the hands of the U.S. Government.